الساعة الآن بتوقيت شنواى : عدد المساهمات : 456 نقاط : 1203 تاريخ التسجيل : 23/10/2009
موضوع: Unit 11 Daniel Defoe اولى ثانوى تيرم 2 الأحد 8 أبريل 2012 - 6:13
Unit 11 Daniel Defoe
desert island جزيرة صحراوية (مهجورة) difference اختلاف axe فأس road sign لافتة طريق tool أداة / آلة signal يرسل إشارات wooden handle يد خشبية smart أنيق metal blade شفرة / قاطع معدنى suit بدلة first-aid box صندوق إسعافات أولية rules قواعد container وعاء referee حكم (مباراة) medical treatment علاج طبى footballer لاعب كرة قدم injured مصاب / مجروح foreign أجنبى hammer شاكوش / مطرقة butcher جزار nail مسمار adventure مغامرة knife سكين experience خبرة weapon سلاح dangerous خطير cooking pot إناء للطهى island جزيرة mirror مرآة lonely وحيد / منعزل glass زجاج alone بمفرده mobile phone تليفون محمول mainland الأرض الرئيسية money المال main رئيسى coins عملات معدنية prisoner سجين paper notes عملات ورقية prison سجن fixed value قيمة ثابتة be shipwrecked تحطمت السفينة radio راديو / مذياع destroy يدمر electronic equipment أجهزة اليكترونية accident حادثة broadcast يذيع (الأخبار / الموسيقى) sailor بحار rope حبل sail يبحر string حبل رفيع / خيط terrible فظيع twist يلف storm عاصفة thread خيط رفيع للخياطة save ينقذ torch بطارية / كشاف gun بندقية electric light مصباح كهربى sink / sank / sunk يغوص / يغرق hurt يصيب safe آمن bottle of medicine زجاجة دواء footprints آثار الأقدام light ينير successful ناجح recharge يعيد شحن islander أحد سكان الجزيرة choice اختيار build يبنى rescue ينقذ builder عامل بناء shine تشرق biology علم الأحياء pilot طيار biologist عالم متخصص فى علم الأحياء (1) act يمثل plays مسرحيات actor ممثل ill مريض archaeology علم الآثار crops محاصيل archaeologist عالم آثار business عمل تجارى science علوم astonished مندهش scientist عالم hunt يصطاد (حيوانات) design يصمم (أشياء) cause يسبب designer مصمم (أشياء) pollution التلوث inspect يفتش / يوجه extra اضافى inspector مفتش / موجه specially بصفة خاصة geology علم الجيولوجيا close قريب geologist عالم جيولوجى help مساعدة / يساعد art فن characters شخصيات soil تربة brave = courageous شجاع rocks صخور moral مغزى القصة / أخلاقى perform يمثل / يؤدى patient مريض / صبور
Idioms & Expressions
filled with مملوء بـ take off يخلع (الملابس / الحذاء) hit nails into wood يدق مسامير فى الخشب at sea فى البحر / بحرا listen to ينصت إلى on a ship بالسفينة far away from بعيدا عن on a boat بالقارب stay with يمكث مع for food للحصول على الطعام stay in / at يمكث فى on an island على جزيرة escape from يهرب من in the sand فى الرمال take turns يتناوب الأدوار take … to يأخذ إلى call for help يطلب مساعدة (نجدة) arrive in يصل إلى (مدينة / دولة) protect from يحمى من for the last time لأخر مرة cut down trees يقطع الأشجار return to يرجع الى go to sleep يذهب للنوم be born in يولد فى get dark تظلم / يحل الظلام give his name to يعطى اسمه لـ signal to ships يرسل إشارات إلى السفن travel on the sea يسافر بحرا put on يلبس / يرتدى do wrong يخطئ look smart يبدو أنيقا take someone off يأخذ شخصا من surrounded by محاط بـ sail back to يبحر عائدا إلى save from ينقذ من make mistakes يرتكب أخطاء adapt to يتكيف مع take someone away ينقل شخصا من مكانه on their way to فى طريقهم إلى turn on يشغل / ينير (النور) go camping يذهب إلى معسكر find out يعرف / يكتشف salute the flag يحيى العلم learn from يتعلم من (2) Vocabulary Study
axe : a tool used for cutting wood, with a wooden handle and a metal blade. بلطة/ فأس first aid box: a container filled with simple medical treatments that you give to an injured person before the doctor arrives. صندوق إسعافات أولية hammer: a tool used for hitting nails into wood. شاكوش/مطرقة knife: a tool used for cutting or as a weapon. سكينة cooking pot: a round container used for cooking food. إناء الطهى mirror: a piece of special glass made so that when you look at it you see yourself or what is behind you. مرآة mobile phone: a telephone that you can carry with you and use anywhere. تليفون محمول money: coins, paper notes etc. that have a fixed value and are used for buying and selling things. مال radio: a piece of electronic equipment that you use to listen to music or programmes that are broadcast. راديو rope: a very strong, thick string, made by twisting together many threads. حبل torch: small electric light that you carry in your hand. كشاف adventure: an exciting experience in which dangerous or unusual things happen. مغامرة island: a piece of land completely surrounded by water. جزيرة lonely: unhappy because you are alone. منعزل / بمفرده / يشعر بالوحدة mainland: the main part of an area of land, not the islands that are near it. الأرض الرئيسية prisoner: someone who is forced to stay somewhere. سجين shipwrecked: when the ship you are travelling in is destroyed in an accident at sea. تحطمت السفينة
arrive / reach: arrive: يصل ( لا يليه مفعول به) - She arrived only two minutes before the plane took off. arrive at: يصل إلى (مكان صغير محدود مثل مطار أو محطة أو مدرسة أو العمل) - The plane arrived at Cairo Airport on time. arrive in: يصل إلى (دولة / عاصمة / مدينة كبيرة) - The plane arrived in Cairo on time. reach: get to يصل إلى (يليه مفعول به) - I won't reach the office till noon today.
(3) lonely / alone: lonely: - She gets lonely now that all the kids have left home. alone: - He likes being alone in the house.
desert / dessert: desert: صحراء / صحراوى / مهجور / يترك - They were lost in the desert for nine days. - The young man deserted his birthplace and lived in a desert town. dessert: الطبق الحلو فى نهاية الأكلة مثل الفطائر و الآيس كريم - If you make the main course, I'll make a dessert.
affect / effect: affect: (verb) يؤثر على - Pollution affects our health badly. effect: (noun تأثير - Pollution has a bad effect on our health. لاحظ ما يلى: affect ……… badly = have a bad effect on affect ……… well = have a good effect on
Let’s + مصدر ………………………..: هيا بنا Why don’t we/you + مصدر ……..? تستخدم للاقتراح و لم لا How about + v. + ing ………? ما رأيك فى - Let’s go out for a meal tonight. (Why / How) - Why don’t we go out for a meal tonight? - How about going out for a meal tonight?
help + مفعول + (to) + مصدر : يساعد - They took some things to help them (to) live on the desert island
look forward to + verb + ing or noun: يتطلع إلى - I look forward to hearing from you. - I'm really looking forward to my holiday.
use ………. to + مصدر = use ………. for + verb + ing: يستخدم ..... لـ - The carpenter uses wood to make furniture. (for) The carpenter uses wood for making furniture.
can يستطيع+ مصدر = am / is / are + able to قادر على+ مصدر : - Ali can carry the heavy box. (able) -Ali is able to carry the heavy box. (4) Tapescript
Omar and Ahmed chose six things to help them live on the desert island. They would take a knife, a first-aid box, a rope, an axe, a mirror and a pot. They would use the for cutting things — like their food and plants, and to protect themselves from wild animals. They would use the first-aid box if they hurt themselves. They would use the rope to build a boat to escape from the island. They would use the axe to cut down trees for their boat. They would use the mirror to signal to ships to rescue them. They would use the pot to cook their own food. If they had a mobile, they could call for help but there probably wouldn’t be a signal on the island and nowhere to recharge the phone. They wouldn't need a torch as they would get up with the sun and go to sleep when it got dark. They wouldn't need a clock as they wouldn't have to get up to go to school or work on the island.
Reading & Critical Thinking
Daniel Defoe was one of the first writers of novels in England. He was born in London in 1660. His father was a butcher. Defoe married Mary Tuffley in 1684. They had two sons and five daughters. Defoe started his own newspaper, The Review in 1704. He wrote his most famous book Robinson Crusoe in 1719. It’s about the adventures of a man who was shipwrecked alone on a desert island. Defoe died at the age of 71 in 1731.
The Adventures of “Robinson Crusoe”
Robinson Crusoe left England on a ship in 1651, even though his parents did not want him to become a sailor. Eight years later, after many exciting but dangerous adventures, there was a terrible storm. Crusoe was shipwrecked on an island about 70 km from South America. All the other sailors died, but Crusoe saved tools, guns and other useful things from the ship before it sank. He built a safe home, hunted animals and grew crops for food. A bird and some cats were his only friends, but he was lonely because he was the only human on the island. (5) After twelve years, Crusoe was very surprised when he found a human footprint in the sand. He discovered that people from the mainland sometimes visited the island and killed their prisoners there. One of these people escaped and stayed with Crusoe on the island. Crusoe called him Friday and taught him a few words of English. Later, another group of people from the mainland came to the island. Crusoe and Friday killed some of them and saved some more prisoners there. Friday's father was one of these. With more help, Crusoe could now grow more food. In December 1686, an English ship arrived and took Crusoe and Friday off the island. Crusoe and Friday then travelled to England, and finally arrived in London in June 1687. Crusoe found that a business he had started years ago had been very successful, so he was now a rich man. He married and had three children. After his wife died, he sailed back to the island for the last time. He found the islanders were living happy, successful lives there.
Questions & answers
1- Where and when was Daniel Defoe born? - He was born in London in 1660.
2- What did Defoe's father do? - He was a butcher.
3- When did Defoe marry? - Defoe married in 1684.
4- How many children did Defoe have? - He had seven children.
5- How old was Defoe when he died? - Defoe died at the age of 71.
6- How did Robinson Crusoe leave England? - He left England on a ship.
7- What is the story "Robinson Crusoe" about? - It is about عن the adventures مغامرات of a man who was shipwrecked تحطمت به السفينة alone on a desert island
8- Why do you think Crusoe's parents did not want him to be a sailor? - I think they were afraid خائفين that they might lose him .
9- For how long was Robinson Crusoe a sailor before he was shipwrecked? - He was a sailor for eight years before he was shipwrecked.
10- How did Robinson Crusoe arrive on the island? - There was a storm and he was shipwrecked.
(6) 11- What happened to the sailors who were with Crusoe on the ship? - They all died.
12- What did Crusoe save ينقذ from the ship? - Crusoe saved tools, guns أسلحة and other useful things from the ship.
13- How do you think Robinson Crusoe felt when he first arrived on the island? - I think he felt lonely الوحدة, afraid, unknown المجهول and ambiguity الغموض.
14- In what ways كيف was Crusoe able to adapt to life on the island? - He built a safe home, hunted اصطاد animals and grew crops محاصيل for food.
15- What did Robinson Crusoe eat while he was stranded on the desert island? - He ate animals he hunted and crops he grew.
16- How did Crusoe become a rich man? - Crusoe started a business which was successful.
17- When he arrived in England, what do you think Robinson Crusoe missed افتقد about his life on the island? - I think he missed peace of mind راحة البال, quietness الهدوء, and the simple life.
18- Why do you think Crusoe went back to the island after his wife died? - To relieve يخفف his pains and seek relief الراحة.
19- How do you think Robinson Crusoe felt when he found that the islanders أهل الجزيرة were living happy successful lives? - He was astonished اندهش.
20- Why do you think Robinson Crusoe felt lonely on the island? - Because he was the only person living there.
21- Who were Crusoe's only friends on the island? - A bird and some cats.
22- How did Robinson Crusoe know there was another person on the island? - He saw a footprint آثار قدم in the sand.
23- How did Crusoe feel when he found a human footprint in the sand? - He felt surprised مندهش.
24- What did Crusoe discover when he found a human بشرية footprint in the sand? - He discovered that people from the mainland البر الرئيسى sometimes visited the island and killed their prisoners المساجين there.
25- Who was Friday? - He was one of the prisoners who escaped and stayed with Crusoe on the island. (7) 26- Why do you think Crusoe named his friend Friday? - Probably ربما because he met him on a Friday.
27- What did Crusoe call the prisoner who escaped? - He called him Friday.
28- What did Crusoe teach Friday? - He taught Friday a few words of English.
29- How did Crusoe and Friday save more prisoners? - They killed some people from the mainland and saved some more prisoners.
30- Who was among بين the prisoners? - Friday's father was one of these prisoners.
31- How did Crusoe go back to London? - An English ship arrived and took Crusoe and Friday off the island.
32- What did Crusoe do in London? - Crusoe married when he went back to London.
33- When did Crusoe sail back to the island? - He sailed back to the island after his wife died.
34- How did Crusoe find the islanders when he sailed back to the island? - He found the islanders were living happy, successful lives.
35- What is the moral of the story "Robinson Crusoe"? - Patient and kind people will be rewarded.
Choose the correct answer: 1- Robinson Crusoe was shipwrecked alone (at-in-on-over) a desert island. 2- In 1651, Robinson Crusoe left England (at-in-by-on) a ship. 3- When Crusoe found a human footprint (in-for-on-from) the sand, he was surprised. 4- An English ship came and took Crusoe and Friday (in-on-for-to) Europe. 5- They arrived in London (on-in-at-with) June 1687. 6- When he visited Cairo (at-in-from-for) the last time, he found it had changed a lot. 7- A hammer is a tool used for (hit-hitting-hits-have hit) nails into wood. 8- Crusoe hunted animals and grew crops (for-at-with-to) food. 9- It was dark by the time we arrived (in-on-for-at) the station. 10- (An axe-A mirror-A hammer-A torch) is a tool used for cutting wood, with a wooden handle and a metal blade. 11- They will go to sleep when it (makes-gets-returns-stands) dark. 12- The children usually stay (in-at-for-with) their grandparents for a week in the summer. 13- A (prisoner-sailor-scientist-geologist) is someone who is forced to stay somewhere. (8) 14- She always looks at herself in the (knife-cooking pot-mirror-radio). 15- (An island-A country-A desert-An oasis) is a piece of land completely surrounded by water. 16- Crusoe was shipwrecked on an island which was not far (away-from-with-for) South America. 17- A (sailor-butcher-grocer-greengrocer) is a person who sells meat in a shop 18- We arrived (in-on-for-at) Cairo later that day. 19- A (teapot-cooking pot-mirror-radio) is a round container used for cooking food. 20- He fell in the river but his friend (killed-destroyed-hurt-saved) him from drowning. 21- (Money-Glass-Radio-Paper) is used for buying and selling things. 22- If they took a mobile phone, they couldn't (charge-change-recharge-exchange) it on the island. 23- If they had a mirror, they could (sign-signal-sing-signature) to ships. 24- A mobile would be useless, because there (would-wouldn't-will-won't) be a signal or anywhere to recharge it. 25- Defoe was born in London (on-at-with-in) 1660. 26- Crusoe was (shipwrecked-shipwreck-shipwrecking-shipwrecks) on a desert island. 27- Crusoe saved tools and other useful things from the ship before it (swam-drowned-sank-drank). 28- Crusoe was very surprised when he found a human (foot-footprint-finger-fingerprint) in the sand. 29- In December 1686, an English ship arrived and took Crusoe and Friday (away-of-off-on) the island. 30- He put (off-over-on-up) his jacket and went out for a walk. 31- We must take an axe to cut (up-on-out-down) trees for our boat. 32- We'll need a (cooking pot-first aid box-mirror-knife) if we hurt ourselves. 33- If we had a mobile, we could call (at-in-for-with) help. 34- She left her homeland (on-at-with-of) the age of 21. 35- first aid box: a container filled with simple medical treatments that you give to an injured person before the doctor arrives. 36- You use the (radio-mobile phone-mirror-axe) to listen to music or programmes that are broadcast. 37- (Archeology-Geology-Histology-Biology) is the study of rocks and soil. 38- A ship is a large boat which travels (in-over-under-on) the sea. 39- A (prison-school-hospital-factory) is a place where people who do something wrong are sent and kept. 40- A (scientist-geologist-archaeologist-doctor) is someone who studies science. 41- An (engineer-inspector-archaeologist-actor) is someone who performs in plays and films. 42- An (archaeologist-architect-inspector-doctor) is someone who inspects school, hospitals, etc. 43- If you are (well-ill-good-best), you go to see the doctor. 44- A (sailor-geologist-scientist-designer) is someone who lives and works on a ship or boat.
(9) Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning: 1- Eating the right food affects health well. (effect) 2- A knife is a tool used to cut things. (for) 3- Why don’t we go out for a meal tonight? (Let's) 4- I want very much to spend my holiday in Greece. (look forward) 5- Yusef can drive a car. (able)
1) Necessity & Obligation الضرورة و الإلزام
الضرورة و الإلزام معناه أن الإنسان مجبر و ليس لديه اختيار
Tense Statement Question Present مضارع must + مصدر يجب أن has to + مصدر يجب أن have to + مصدر يجب أن = It's necessary for… to + مصدر من الضرورى لـ ... أن Must + فاعل + مصدر Does + فاعل + have to + مصدر Do + فاعل + have to + مصدر = Is it necessary for… to هل من الضرورى لـ .... أن Past ماضى had to + مصدر كان يجب أن = It was necessary for… to + مصدر كان من الضرورى أن Did + فاعل + have to + مصدر = Was it necessary for… to هل كان من الضرورى لـ ... أن Future مستقبل will have to + مصدر سوف ينبغى أن = It will be necessary for … to + مصدر سيكون من الضرورى أن Will + فاعل + have to + مصدر = Will it be necessary for … to هل سيكون من الضرورى لـ ... أن
Examples: 1- I must phone the doctor to make an appointment. (This is necessary) 2- I had to get up early this morning. (This was necessary) 3- You'll have to work hard to do well in the test. (This will be necessary)
Study these sentences: 1- It’s necessary for us to be economical. (must) We must be economical. 2- It was necessary for her to find a solution to her problem.(had to) She had to find a solution to her problem. 3- Is it necessary for him to take a taxi? (Does……) Does he have to take a taxi? 4- Was it necessary for him to buy as new mobile? (Did…………) Did he have to buy a new mobile? (Was…..)
لاحظ الفرق بين must / have to : 1- تعبر must عن رأى الشخص أو مشاعره الشخصية فى ضرورة القيام بعمل معين. - I really must read that book again. 2- تعبر have to عن حقائق facts أو قواعد rules أو قوانين laws. - I’m sorry I can’t come to your party. I have to work that evening. (10) Lack of necessity and Obligation عدم و جود ضرورة أو إلزام
عدم الضرورة و الإلزام معناه أن الإنسان غير مجبر و لديه اختيار
Tense Statement Present doesn't have to + مصدر = It's not necessary for… to + مصدر don't have to + مصدر = It's not necessary for… to + مصدر Past didn't have to + مصدر =It was not necessary for… to + مصدر Future won't have to + مصدر = It won't be necessary for … to + مصدر
Examples: 1- I don't have to work on Friday. (This is not necessary) 2- My father didn't have to go to work yesterday. (This was not necessary) 3- We won't have to work next week. (This will not be necessary)
Study these sentences: 1- It isn’t necessary for him to answer all questions. (needn’t) He needn’t answer all questions. 2- It wasn’t necessary for us to take our umbrellas. (have to) We didn’t have to take our umbrellas. 3- It isn’t necessary for him to answer all questions. (have to) He doesn't have to answer all questions. 4- They don't have to take a taxi. (necessary) It isn't necessary for them to take a taxi.
Prohibition المنع و التحريم
تعنى أن هناك قواعد و قوانين يجب اتباعها و المخالفة تعرضك للعقاب.
mustn’t / can’t + مصدر= be not allowed to + غير مسموح بـ مصدر be forbidden to + ممنوع من مصدر be prohibited / banned from + v. + ing ممنوع من Example: - You mustn't drive more than 50 kph. (This is a rule or law)
Study these sentences: 1- You mustn’t park here. (allowed-forbidden) You aren’t allowed to park here. You are forbidden to park here. 2- You mustn’t smoke in the theatre. (Smoking) Smoking isn’t allowed in the theatre. / Smoking is forbidden in the theatre.
should = It is a good idea to ….. أنه الشئ الصحيح = It's advisable to …….. مما ينصح به أن shouldn't = It's inadvisable to ….. مما لا ينصح به أن (11)
Study these sentences: 1- It's advisable to take steps to reduce pollution. (should) We should take steps to reduce pollution. 2- I advise you not to eat sweets between meals. (shouldn't) You shouldn't eat sweets between meals.
Choose the correct answer: 1- You (doesn’t have to-didn’t have to-shouldn’t-needn't) come if you don't want. 2- We (mustn’t-don’t need to-can’t-shouldn’t) lock the car. It's safe here. 3- You (shouldn’t-mustn’t-should-ought to) drive. You’re too tired. 4- I (didn’t have to-needn’t-won’t-shouldn’t) go to school yesterday. It was a holiday. 5- You (mustn’t-needn’t-don’t have to-won’t) park here. It says a “No Parking area. 6- It's a holiday tomorrow, so I (mustn't-won't have to-will have to-had to) get up early. 7- He (had to-will have to-doesn't have to-mustn't) run at the moment because he’s hurt his leg. 8- Last weekend, I (had to-have to-will have to-has to) study hard for the exams. 9- I've been very busy this week, so at the weekend, I (don't have to-mustn't-will have to-had to) get rest. 10- In the holidays, I (won't have to-mustn't-must-have to) read books and do homework. 11- The referee said to the footballer, "You (don't have to-mustn't-must-had to) play like that." 12- I (had to-must-didn't have to-have to) help my brothers because my mother was ill.
Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning: 1- It’s inadvisable to take medicine without asking your doctor. (shouldn’t) 2- We are faced with the necessity of buying a new car. (have to) 3- It isn't necessary to arrive at the airport until 10:30. (needn't) 4- Without having to travel anywhere, you can become familiar with the cultures of other countries. (You don't ……) 5- It was necessary for her to find a solution to her problem.(had to) 6- It wasn’t necessary for us to take our umbrellas. (have to) 7- You mustn’t smoke in the theatre. (Smoking) 8- Motor cars mustn’t drive in the town center. (allowed) 9- It would be a good idea to read a lot in your free time. (should) 10- It is not a good thing to drive. You’re too tired. (shouldn’t) 11- You don’t have to have any previous experience to apply for the job. (It is) 12- To be successful in business, one must work very hard. (necessary)
A) Language Functions
1- Finish the following dialogue: Anwar is at a shoemaker’s shop. He wants to have a new pair of shoes made. Shoemaker: Can I help you, sir? Anwar : ……………………………………………………………… . Shoemaker: What colour would you like? Anwar : Black, please. Shoemaker: ……………………………………………………… ? Anwar : Size 43. ………………………………………………… ? Shoemaker: 80 pounds. Anwar : ……………………………………………………………. ? Shoemaker: In a fortnight’s time. Anwar : Thank you. Bye.
2- Write what you would say in each of the following situations: 1- You don't know the way to the post office. You ask a policeman 2- You invite your friend to your birthday party. 3- You ask your sister to make you a cup of tea. 4- You ask about the price of a kilo of bananas.
B) Vocabulary and Structure
3- Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d: 1- Britain is a large ……………… in the north of Europe. a) island b) place c) town d) sea 2- When will we ………………… do our English test this term? a) must b) have c) should d) have to 3- You …………….. drive so fast. It's against the law. a) don't have to b) mustn't c) must d) had to 4- Yesterday, I ……………… stand on the bus because it was so full. a) had to b) must c) needn't d) have to 5- Ali is unhappy because he feels …………………… . a) pleased b) helpful c) reliable d) lonely 6- When the attacked her, she called …………….. help. a) for b) at c) with d) by 7- A ………………….. is someone who sells meat. a) grocer b) pilot c) butcher d) geologist 8- I'm looking ………………… to travelling to America. a) ahead b) for c) after d) forward 9- She …………….. have to buy a new dress as her mother bought her a new one. a) mustn't b) didn't c) doesn't d) don't (13) 10- …………………. is a tool used for hitting nails into wood. a) A hammer b) An axe c) A knife d) A mirror
4- Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning: 1- We had to cook when we went camping last year. (necessary) 2- It's important to see as doctor if you are ill. (should) 3- You mustn't drive more than 50 kph. (allowed) 4- Must I phone the doctor? (Do……..)
5- Read the text below, then write the word which best fits each space: Ahmed and Omar decided to spend a few days on a desert island. They took some useful things that could help them (1) …………….. on the island. They took a (2) …………… to cut things like their food and plants. They took a first-aid box to be used if someone (3) ………………… themselves. They took an (4) ………….. to cut down trees and a mirror to (5) ……………….. to ships. They also took a cooking (6) …………………… to cook their food.
C) Read Comprehension and Set Books
6- Read the following passage , then answer the questions: Doctors do not always know what causes high blood pressure medically called hypertension. But we know a few things about this disease. For example, men’s hypertension rates are much greater than women's. Besides the disease usually begins in middle or old age and it sometimes runs in families. Many people have high blood pressure without knowing it because there are usually no obvious symptoms. If you want to know if "you have blood pressure, you have to ask your doctor to check it for you. If you have high blood pressure, you have to look for a solution. If you are heavy, losing weight can sometimes help. Some people's blood pressure goes down when they give up salt. Others can improve by learning how to relax and make the fullest use of the right kind of exercise. Fortunately, it is possible to control high blood pressure today with proper medicine. High blood pressure can lead to serious problems such as heart diseases, so it is very important to control it.
A) Answer the following questions: 1- What should a person do to keep his blood pressure normal? 2- Why is it very important to control high blood pressure? 3- Why is gaining weight dangerous? 4- Which sex is higher in hypertension rates male or female?
B ) Choose the best answer from a,b,c or d: 5- Hypertension requires ...............salt in food. a) more b) less c) most d) much (14) 6- It is .............for a person to discover he is suffering from hypertension. a) easy b) obvious c) vague d) difficult 7-The underlined pronoun “it” means ……………………… a) a disease b) blood c) pressure d) hypertension
7- Answer Only Four (4) of the following questions: 1- What did Robinson Crusoe eat while he was stranded on the desert island? 2- How did Crusoe become a rich man? 3- What did Crusoe save from the ship? 4- How do you think Crusoe felt when he found that the islanders were living happy successful lives? 5- When he arrived in England, what do you think Robinson Crusoe missed about his life on the island? 6- How do you think Robinson Crusoe felt when he first arrived on the island?
D) The Novel
A) Answer the following questions: 1- What kind of story is "The Face on the Wall"? 2- How did the face get a firm hold of the storyteller ? 3- When did the face on the wall disappear? 4- How does the story teller surprise us at the end of his story?
B) Read the following quotation, then answer the questions: "I stood at busy corners watching the crowd until people thought me mad." 1- Who is the speaker? 2- Why did he stand at busy corners? 3- Why did the police suspect him?
9- Write a paragraph of seven (7) sentences about: "A few days you spent on a desert island"
10- A) Translate into Arabic: 1- Daniel Defoe wrote his most famous book Robinson Crusoe in 1719. 2- Robinson Crusoe is about the adventures of a man who was shipwrecked alone on a desert island.
B) Translate into English: دانيل ديفو واحد من أشهر الروائين فى الأدب الإنجليزى.
الساعة الآن بتوقيت شنواى : عدد المساهمات : 18213 نقاط : 37564 تاريخ التسجيل : 04/09/2009 الموقع : http://elawa2l.com/vb