ملخص رائع لقصة الانجليزى الصف الثالث الاعدادى الترم الاول
كان بروفيسور ليدنبروك عالم وجيولوجي مشهور يعيش في مدينة هامبورج في ألمانيا ويعطي محاضرات في جامعة هامبورج وكان العلماء يأتون إليه من كل أنحاء العالم ليتعلموا منه حيث كان يعرف عن الأرض ما لا يعرفه أي عالم آخر.
من هو ليدنبروك 1- What was professor Lidenbrock?
= What do you know about professor Lidenbrock?
كان ليدنبروك عالم وجيولوجي ** Professor Lidenbrock was a famous scientist and geologist.
أين كان يعيش؟ 2- Where did Professor Lidenbrock live?
في مدينة هامبورج في ألمانيا** He lived in the city of Hamburg in Germany.
أين كان يعمل؟ 3- Where did the professor work?
أين كان يعطي محاضرات؟= Where did the professor give lectures?
يعطي محاضرات في جامعة هامبورج** He gave lectures in the university of Hamburg.
لماذا يأتي إليه العلماء 4- Why did scientists from all over the world come to the professor?
ليتعلموا. ** Scientists from all over the world came to the professor to learn from him.
5- Why was professor Lidenbrock famous?
** Because he knew more about the earth than any other scientist.
كانت مارثا طاهية البروفيسور قلقة لأنه عاد مبكراً ولم يكن العشاء جاهزاً حينذاك.
من هي مارثا1- What was Martha?
كانت طباخة البروفيسور** Martha was the professor's cook.
لماذا كانت مارثا قلقة 2- Why was Martha worried?
لأن العشاء لم يكن جاهزاً**She was worried because the professor's dinner wasn't ready.
عاد البروفيسور مبكراً لأنه وجد كتاب رائع . هذا الكتاب عبارة عن ترجمة لكتاب أيسلندي قديم يعود إلي القرن الثاني عشر كتبه عالم يدعي "سنورى ستورلاسون" منذ ما يزيد 600 عام.
لماذا أتي البروفيسور مبكراً1- Why did the professor came home earlier than usual?
**The professor came home earlier than usual because he found a fantastic لأنه وجد كتاب رائع book.
ماذا تعرف عن الكتا
- What was the old book?
ترجمة لكتاب أيسلندي** The old book was a translation of an Icelandic book.
من الذي كتبه 3- Who wrote the book?
كتبه عالم يدعي" سنورى ستورلاسون" ** Snorri Sturlasson wrote it.
من هو" سنورى ستورلاسون" 4- Who was Snorri Sturlasson?
هو كاتب الكتاب القديم** He was the writer of the old book.
متى كتب الكتاب 5- When was the book written?
كتب في القرن الثاني عشر** The book was written in the 12th century.
كم عمر هذا الكتاب 6- How old was the book which the professor brought?
كان عمره 600 عام ** The book was 600 years old.
بينما كان البروفيسور يقلب في الكتاب سقطت منه صحيفة من الجلد عليها حروف متداخلة ومتشابكة. وباستخدام عدسة مكبرة استطاع البروفيسور أن يري اسم "ارن ساكنوسيم" وهو عالم أيسلندي من القرن 16.
ماذا وجد في الكتاب1- What did the professor find in the book?
وجد صحيفة من الجلد** The professor found a parchment.
أين كانت الصحيفة 2- Where was the parchment kept?
** The parchment was kept in the old book.
لماذا لم يقرأ الرسالة3- why couldn't the professor read or understand the parchment?
** The professor couldn't read or understand parchment because the letters were لأن الحروف كانت متشابكة.mixed up
شفرة سرية 4 Why did the professor think the parchment was written in a secret code?
** The professor thought the parchment was written in a secret code because the لأن الحروف كانت متشابكةletters were mixed up.
ما هي الريونز5- What are Runes?
هي حروف اللغة الأيسلندية القديمة** Runes are the letters of the old Icelandic alphabet.
لماذا شك أنها ريونز6- Why did the professor think the parchment was written in runes?
** The professor thought the parchment was written in runes because the letters لأن الحروف كانت متشابكةwere mixed up.
لماذا ظن أنها لاتيني 7- Why did the professor think the parchment was written in Latin?
** The professor thought the parchment was written in Latin because scientists of علماء القرن16 يستخدمون باللاتينية the 16th century wrote about their discoveries in Latin.
ماذا استخدم لتكبير الحروف8- What did the professor use to make the letters bigger?
عدسة مكبرة** The professor used a magnifying glass.
لماذا استخدم عدسة مكبرة9- Why did the professor use a magnifying glass?
لتكبير الحروف** The professor used a magnifying glass to make the letters bigger.
ماذا رأي 10- What could the professor see with the help of the magnifying glass?
رأي اسم ارن ساكنوسيم** The professor could see the name of "Arne Saknussemm".
من هو ارن ساكنوسيم11- What was "Arne Saknussemm"?
** "Arne Saknussemm" was an Icelandic scientist in the 16th century. He was the أيسلندي صاحب الكتاب وكاتب الصحيفة owner of the book and the writer of the parchment.
12 - Why did the professor think the parchment was written by the owner of the لماذا ظن أن كاتب الصحيفة هو مالك الكتابbook?
** Because the writing of the parchment was newer than the writing of the book.
من كتب الصحيفة ومتى كتبها13- Who wrote the parchment ? When?
ارن ساكنوسيم القرن 16 ** "Arne Saknussemm" wrote the parchment in the 16th century.
شفرة سرية14- Why did "Arne Saknussemm" write the parchment in a secret code?
ليبقي سراً** To keep it as a secret.
أكسيل هو ابن شقيق البروفيسور ومساعده عندما توفي والديه جاء ليعيش مع عمه وكان فخورا بذلك.
من راوي القصة1- Who tells the story?
أكسيل**Axel tells the story.
من هو اكسل2- Who was Axel?
ابن شقيق البروفيسور ومساعده ** Axel was the professor's nephew and assistant.
لماذا يعيش مع عمه3- Why did Axel live with his uncle?
بسبب وفاة والديه ** He lived with his uncle because his parents died.
بماذا كان يفتخر ولماذا4- What was Axel proud of? Why?
** He was proud of his uncle. His uncle was ac famous scientist and geologist.
استطاع أكسيل أن يكتشف الشفرة ويفهم الرسالة كان ذلك بالصدفة عندما رأي بعض الكلمات ألاتينية.
1- Who cold break the secret code?
** Axel could break the secret code.
2- What could Axel see when he put the parchment in front of the light.
** He could see some Latin words meaning " A crater of the earth.
3- How did Axel beak the secret message?
** By chance when he saw some Latin words which he knew.
4- What was the language on the parchment?
** The language on the parchment was Latin.
5- Why was Axel surprised when he read the message?
** Because the parchment described a journey to the centre of the earth.
قرر أكسيل حرق الصحيفة خوفاً من أن يقوم عمه برحلة مثلها لكنه لم يستطيع حيث دخل عمه فجأة.
1- What did Axel decide to do When he understood the message?
** He decided to burn the parchment.
لماذا حاول حرق الرسالة2- Why did Axel try to burn the parchment?
= Why didn't Axel want to tell his uncle about the message on the parchment?
ليمنع عمه من القيام بالرحلة ** To stop his uncle from making the journey.
3- Why did Axel want to stop his uncle from making the journey.
= Why was Axel against the journey ?
= Why was Axel afraid to go down into Sneffels?
= Why did Axel think it was impossible to go to the centre of the earth?
لان مركز ألأرض ساخن جداً** Because the centre of the earth is very hot.
لماذا لم يتمكن من حرق الرسالة 4- Why couldn't Axel burn the parchment?
** Axel couldn't burn the parchment because his uncle entered suddenly.
لم يستطيع حيث دخل عمه فجأة.
قرر أكسيل أن يخبر عمه بنص الرسالة إشفاقاً عليه لأنه لم يأكل أو يشرب لمدة يومين.
لماذا اخبر عمه 3- What made Axel tell his uncle about the secret message?
= Why did Axel decide to tell his uncle about the secret message?
** Because he felt sorry for his uncle who hadn't eaten or slept for two days.
شعر بالأسف تجاه عمه الذي لم يأكل أو يشرب منذ يومين.
ما رد فعله 2- What did the professor do when Axel told him about the message?
وثب وصرخ بقوة ** He jumped to his feet and gave a great cry.
نصت الرسالة أن "ارن ساكنوسيم" نزل إلي مركز الأرض من خلال فوهة "سنفلز" التي يسقط عليها ظل جبل" سكارتاريس" قبل شهر يوليو.
ما هو نص الرسالة 1- What was the secret message on the parchment?
= What did the parchment say?
** Arne Saknussemm had been to the centre of the earth through Sneffels.
"ارن ساكنوسيم" نزل إلي مركز الأرض من خلال فوهة "سنفلز"
من هو ارن ساكنوسيم2- What was "Arne Saknussemm"?
"Arne Saknussemm" was an Icelandic scientist in the 16th century. He was the أيسلندي صاحب الكتاب وكاتب الصحيفة owner of the book and the writer of the parchment.
سنفلز جبل في أيسلندة لم يثور منذ 1229 ( حوالي 600 عام) له عدة فوهات إحداها تؤدي إلي مركز الأرض هي التي يسقط عليها ظل جبل" سكارتاريس" قبل شهر يوليو.
ما هو سنفلز3- What was Sneffels?
سنفلز جبل في أيسلندة** Sneffels was an extinct volcano in Iceland.
منذ متى لم يثور 4- How long hadn't Sneffels erupted?
** Sneffels hadn't been erupted since 1229. ( for 600 years)
سنفلز له عدة فوهات 5- Sneffels had several craters but…………………
إحداها تؤدي إلي مركز الأرض ** Only one of them leads to the centre of the earth.
ما هو سكارتاريس6- What was Scartaris?
جبل في أيسلندة ** Scartaris was a mountain in Iceland.
أعد أكسيل لوازم الرحلة من أسلحة وأدوات وأجهزة علمية ثم سافروا إلي كوبنهاجن بالباخرة وهناك قابلو احد العلماء أعطاهم خطابات تعارف لأهم الشخصيات في أيسلندة.
1- What did they prepare for the journey?
** They prepared guns, tools and scientific instruments.
2- Where did Martha think they were going? Why?
**She thought they were going to the cellar because Axel pointed downwards.
2- How did they travel to Iceland / Copenhagen ?
** They travelled by steamer to Copenhagen then to Iceland .
3- What's Copenhagen ?
** Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark.
4- How was the sea during the journey?
** The sea was very rough.
5- How was the professor badly affected by the rough sea?
** The professor was seasick.
6- Who did the professor meet in Copenhagen ?
** They met a Danish scientist.
7- How was the Danish scientist helpful?
** He gave them letters of introduction to the most important men in Iceland.
في أيسلندة التقي البروفيسور بعالم أيسلندي يدعي د. فريدريكسون فأحضر لهم مرشد يدعي هانز.
1- What was Dr. Fridrikson?
** Dr. Fridrikson was a scientist from Iceland.
2- How was Dr. Fridrikson helpful?
** He arranged for a guide called Hans to guide them.
3- What did the professor tell Dr. Fridrikson about the journey?
** He told him that he was interested in the geology of Iceland.
4- What was Hans?
** Hans was a guide from Iceland. He was a big man who moved slowly and didn't say very much.
أخذهم هانز إلي سنفلز عبر ريف قاحل كئيب وكان الأيسلنديين يعطونهم أفضل ما لديهم من طعام وشراب بلا مقابل.
1- Describe the countryside through which they passed ?
** The countryside was bleak. The grass was yellow. There were hardly any animals or plants.
2- How were the Icelanders good people?
** The gave them the best food and drink without money.
3- why was Axel worried about going down to Sneffels?
= What were Axel's fears? = What was Axel afraid of?
** He was afraid that the volcano might erupt.
4- What terrible dream did Axel have?
** He dreamed that he was inside a volcano and he was shot like a rocket.
تسلقوا قمة سنفلز كانت تعلوا 1500 متر عن سطح البحر كانت تشبه مخروط الايسكريم ولم يستطيعوا تحديد الفوهة لان الجو كان ملبدا بالغيوم.
1- Which peak did they climb? How high was it?
** They climbed the peak of Sneffels. It was 1500 metres above the sea level.
2- What was the crater of Sneffels like?
** It was like the like an ice-cream cone.
3- How did the three men descend the crater?
** They used ropes.
4- How many chimneys were there at the bottom of the crater?
** There were three chimneys.
5- Why did the professor give a shout when he was exploring the chimneys?
** Because he saw the name of " Arne Saknussemm" on a large rock.
6- What did the letters on the rock spell?
** The letters spelled the name of " Arne Saknussemm" .
7- Which Chimney did they have to discover?
** The one which the shadow of Scartaris touches before July.
8- Why couldn't they Know Which chimney to enter?
** Because it was cloudy and there was no shadow to guide them.
9- Why was it difficult to breathe at the top of Sneffels?
** Because of the thin air.
كان علي الرجال الثلاثة الانتظار عند الفوهات الثلاث حتي تسطع الشمس لكي يحددوا الفوهة الصحيحة .
1- Why did the three men have to wait at the bottom of the crater?
** Because it was cloudy and there was no shadow to guide them.
2- When did the sun shine again?
** The sun shone again on the 28th of June.
3- How long did they have to wait at the bottom of the crater?
** They had to wait for three days.
4- What happened when the sun shone again on 28th June?
** The shadow of Scartaris fell on the middle chimney.
5- On which chimney did the shadow fall?
** The shadow fell on the middle chimney.
6- Which Chimney did the three men descend?
** They descended the middle chimney.
هبطوا إلي الفوهة وانزلوا مؤنهم باستخدام الحبال. وقام البروفيسور بفحص الصخور. وقد لاحظوا أن الفوهة تزداد ظلاماً وضيقاً
1- How did the three men descend the chimney?
** The descended the chimney by ropes.
2- How did Hans lower their supplies?
** He lowered their supplies by ropes.
3- What did they notice as they were descending the chimney?
** They noticed that the chimney was getting narrower and darker.
4- What was the professor doing as he was descending the chimney?
** He was examining the rocks.
5- What did the rocks of the chimney prove to the professor?
** The rocks proved that the centre of the earth isn't hot.
6- What did the professor say about the centre of the earth?
** The centre of the earth isn't hot.
وفي اليوم التالي أشرقت الشمس فتلألأت الصخور البركانية مثل الجواهر. قلق اكسيل بسبب قلة الماء.
1- What happened to the red lava walls when the sun shone?
** They sparkled like jewels.
2- Why did the professor take an electric torch?
** To guide their way.
3- Why was Axel worried?
** He was worried because they had used up half the water.
4- What did Axel hope not to happen?
** He hoped the volcano wouldn't erupt.
5- The clouds covered the sun, so …........................
**They had to wait to see which chimney to enter.
6- As they were descending, they noticed that…………………………
** The chimney was getting narrower and darker.
وجد الرجال ممر يتجه شرقا وآخر غربا. فساروا في الشرقي لكنه انتهي بحائط صخري لا ممر فيه.
1- Which path did the professor take first?
** He took the eastern path first.
2- Why did Axel feel more and more tired as they were walking in the eastern path?
** Because the passage was going up.
3- How long did they walk in the eastern path?
** They walked in the eastern path for five days.
4- Describe the eastern path.
** It was going up. The rocks were younger where animals and plants were preserved.
5- Why did Axel think they had taken the wrong path?
**Because it was going up. The rocks were younger.
6- What was preserved in the younger rocks?
**Animals and plants were preserved in the rocks.
7- What did the men find at the end of the eastern path?
** They found a blank wall.
8- Why did they have to go back to the crossroads?
** Because they found a blank wall.
9- What happened to Axel at the crossroads?
** He fell to the ground and fainted.
10- Why did Axel faint at the crossroads?
** Because he was very thirsty.
11- What did the professor do when Axel fell to the ground at the crossroads?
** He gave him the last drops of water he had.
12- Why did Axel try to persuade his uncle to give the journey?
** He thought they would die of thirst.
13- What did the professor promise to do if they didn't find water in the western path?
** He promised to go back and give up the journey.
14- How was the western path different from the eastern path?
** The western path was going down. The rocks were older.
15- In which path did they find water?
** They found water in the western path.
16- What sound did they hear in the eastern path?
** The heard the sound of running water.
17- How did Hans make a hole in the wall?
** He used a pickaxe.
18- Why did Hans cry in pain when water hit him?
** The water was boiling.
19- How did the under ground water taste?
** The under ground water tasted better than any water.
20-ere did the western path take them? How did they know?
** It took the under the Atlantic Ocean. The professor calculated their position with his scientific instrument.
21- How did the professor calculate their position?
** The professor calculated their position with his scientific instrument.
22- Why did Axel feel pain in his ears? What did the professor advise him to do?
** Axel felt pain in his ears because of the increased air pressure. The professor advised him to breathe quickly.
23- Why did the professor ask Axel to breathe quickly?
** To relieve the air pressure.
24- What did Axel do when he got lost?
** He walked back and shouted like a madman.
25- What happened to Axel at the end?
** He fell to the ground and fainted.
تمارين الوزارة وكتاب التدريبات
1- At first, the professor thought the message was written in ………. ** Latin.
2- The professor thought the parchment was written by the owner of the book because……………….
** The writing of the parchment was newer than the writing of the book.
3- When the sun shone ………………. ** the shadow fell on the middle chimney.
4- Axel Knew that they had only enough water for five days, so……………….
** He was worried and wanted to go back.
5- Axel thought they had taken the wrong path because…………………………..
** The path was going up and the rocks were younger.
6- Where did the three men camp?
** The camped at the age of the crater.
7- Why did the need Hans?
** To guide them.
8- Axel felt pain in his ears because…………….** of the air pressure.
9- Axel came to live with his uncle when ……………….. ** his parents died.
10- Where was the name of Arne Saknussemm written?
** It was written on a rock.
11- Lidenbrock was so famous because…………………
** He knew more about the earth than any other scientist.
13- What was Dr. Fridrikson interested in?
** He was interested in the geology of Iceland.