tired مجهد ( تعبان ) proverb قول مأثور- مثل feel يشعر بــ
tiring شئ متعب refuse يرفض calm down يهدأ
surprised مندهش accept يقبل drop يسقط
shop window فترينة عرض cross غاضب present هدية
electronics shop محل الكترونيات glad سعيد bring يحضر
CD player مشغل اسطوانات smile يبتسم point to يشير إلى
biology علم الأحياء Dungal oasis واحة دنقل young tree شجيرة
biologist عالم أحياء a group of مجموعة من British بريطانى
a part of جزء من huge ضخم a team of فريق من
greener أكثر خضرة all over Egypt فى أنحاء مصر return يعود
lab معمل look after يعتنى بـ switch off يغلق جهاز
Almost = nearly (adv ) تقربيا
- It's almost / nearly 8 o'clock .
Flat ( n ) ( British ) شقة
Apartment ( n ) ( American ) شقة
Surprised ( adj ) مندهش ( لوصف شخص ) - I was very surprised when I saw him playing football in the street.
Surprising ( adj ) مدهش ( لوصف غير العاقل غالبا ) - Have you heard that surprising news ?
Do the shopping يقوم بالتسوق
Go shopping يتسوق - Mother often does the shopping on Friday . – We went shopping early yesterday .
Fall ( fell – fallen ) يقع - He fell down and broke his leg .
Feel ( felt – felt ) يشعر
- I feel happy today .
Fill ( filled – filled ) يملأ - Fill the tank with water , please .
Bore (n) شخص ممل – كثير الكلام
- He is a bore . I can't bear أتحمل him .
Bored (adj) زهقان – مصاب بالملل
- I am bored with this film .
Boring (adj) ممل – يبعث على الملل
- It's a boring film .
جداً / لدرجة أن (للتعبير عن النتيجة)
- so ……… that :
فعل + فاعل so + adj. \ adv. + that + + فعل + فاعل
1) He is so rich that he buys a new car every day.
2) The questions are very hard. So, I can't answer them. (so …. that)
- The questions are so hard that I can't answer them.
3) Hany didn't buy the camera because it was very expensive. (so …. that)
- The camera was so expensive that Hany didn't (couldn't) buy it.
تذكر أن: من الممكن استخدام التركيب الاتى للتعبير عن النتيجة:-
مصدر too + adj. \ adv. + to ++ فعل + فاعل
1) The tea is too hot to drink.
2) The test is too hard to answer.
تستخدم لربط جملتين منفيتين لا....... ولا neither …... .nor :
مع الجمل التى لها فاعل واحد وفعلان نستخدم التركيب الأتى:
الفعل الثانى مثبتnor + + الفعل الأول مثبت neither ++ فاعل
1) Heba didn't cook. She didn't clean the house.
- Heba neither cooked nor cleaned the house.
إذا كان فعل الجمله (be) فإنه يأتى قبل(neither) ولا يتكرر كالأتي:
1) Ali wasn't hungry. He wasn't tired.
- Ali was neither hungry nor tired.
إذا كان فعل الجمله يتكون من كلمتين مثل(will come – has eaten) فإننا نضع الفعل المساعد قبل(neither) والافعال الأخرى بعد(nor)
1) Noha hasn't done the homework. She hasn't read a story.
- Noha has neither done the homework nor read a story.
مع الجمل التى بها فاعلان فعلا نفس الشيئ "لهما نفس الفعل" نستخدم التركيب التالى:
فعل مثبت + الفاعل الثانىnor + + الفاعل الأولNeither +
1) Hany wasn't angry. Fady wasn't angry.
- Neither Hany nor Fady was angry.
تستخدم لربط جملتين مثبتين إما ........ أوeither …….…or :
- We can set off today or we can set off tomorrow.
We can set off either today or tomorrow.
- Salma is going to school or she is going to the club.
Salma is going either to school or to the club.
- Rewrite use ( neither nor ) :
1- She hasn't studied. She hasn't tidied her room.
2- Ramy can't swim or play tennis.
3- I didn't go to the club or the garden.
4- We don't have a car or a computer.
5- They weren't at home. ,They weren't at the cinema.
- Read and match
a. The phone was so expensive 1 that Samy switched off the TV.
b. Soha was so hot 2 that Ahmed wanted to keep it.
c. Sally walked so slowly 3 that she drank six glasses of water.
d. The film was so boring 4 that she missed the bus home.
e. Salma’s picture was so nice 5 that he went to sleep in his chair.
f . Hesham was so tired 6 that Nadia decided not to buy it.
2 Make sentences with so… that…
a. It was very dark. Ahmed couldn’t see very well.
b. The dress was very beautiful. Nadia bought it for Soha.
c. Salma was very hungry. She wanted to eat two sandwiches.
d. The streets were very busy. It took Hesham 40 minutes to drive to work.
Narrator: Nadia and Salma went shopping last Thursday. As they were going home, they passed an electronics shop. Salma looked at the radios, TVs and CDs in the window. There was a child’s mobile phone there. As soon as Salma saw it, she thought it
was so nice that she wanted to have it. She pointed to it and said to her mother: Salma: Mum, I’d like that mobile phone. It’s not expensive. Can you buy it for me?
Narrator: Nadia told Salma that she was too young for a mobile, so Salma was sad. Then
Nadia told her to calm down. Salma was so tired and cross that she began to cry. At home, Salma said she was sorry, so Nadia brought her a glass of orange juice, then she read her a story to make her feel better.
1- What did Salma want from the electronics shop?
a. a CD player b. a radio c. a phone
2- Nadia refused to buy it because …
a. it was for children. b. it was expensive. c. Salma is too young.
3- Nadia did two things for Salma. What was the second?
a. She bought a phone. b. She read a story. c. She gave her a drink.
Nadia: When Sara was coming home from school one day, she saw a small CD player in an electronics shop near her flat. Sara liked listening to music and asked her mother to buy the CD player. Her mother said it was so expensive that she didn’t have enough money. Sara was unhappy about this, but she smiled and said she didn’t mind not having the CD player. Two months later, Sara’s mother gave her a present. When Sara opened it, she was so surprised that she nearly dropped it. Her mother had given her a CD player that was better than the one Sara had seen in the shop window. Sara was very pleased.
Some Proverbs : بعض الأمثال
- Good things come to those who wait الصبر مفتاح الفرج
- Out of sight out of mind البعيد عن العين بعيد عن القلب - When the cat’s away, the mice will play إن غاب القط لعب الفأر
- Ali’s well that ends well. المهم اللى يضحك فى الآخر
- If at first you don't succeed, try, try again لاحياه مع اليأس ولايأس مع الحياة
- A friend in need is a friend indeed الصديق الحق صديق الشدة
- Silence is golden. السكوت من دهب
Read and match
Today we have the second part of the story about the ancient tree.
Match each paragraph 1–5 to the best sentences a–e.
a- Going back to Dungal
b- Argun palms have not disappeared
c- A discovery by university students
d- Looking after argun palms is important
e- Looking for trees which travellers had found
1- Although they are unusual, argun palms have neither died nor disappeared.
A number of trees have been found in the last 50 years.
2- In 1963, biology students from Cairo University went to the Dungul Oasis. There, they found
a big argun palm with lots of fruit. They also found seven small young trees.
3- In 1995, biologists returned to the location in Sudan where British travellers had seen argun
palms in 1863. The biologists found 14 large and 15 young trees. A year later, they found 100
more trees nearby.
4- In 1998, a team of scientists returned to the Dungal Oasis. Unfortunately, the large argun
palm had fallen down but the seven young trees were growing and there were another 30
young trees nearby.
5- Biologist Haitham Ibrahim says argun palms are an important part of Egypt’s history, so we
must look after them: “In ancient times, Egypt was greener and there were more argun
palms. When I visited Dungal in 2005, four of the palms had died since my visit in 1998.
If we lose more, what will happen then?”
- Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d
1 Scientists and students ……………….. an argun palm in 1963.
a found b have found c had found d were finding
2 They found the tree while they ……………….. the Dungal Oasis.
a have visited b had visited c used to visit d were visiting
3 Before this, some scientists thought most argun palms ………………..
a dead b had died c died d have died
4 In 1998, another group of scientists ……………….. to the Dungal Oasis.
a have returned b returning c returned d returns
5 In ancient times, there ……………….. more rain and less desert.
a has been b was c is d would be
6 In ancient times, argun palms ……………….. all over Egypt.
a found b were found c had found d were finding
- Read and match :
1- The film was so boring
2- The dress was so beautiful
3- He refused to buy the car
4- The opposite of succeed
5- I bought a new computer is fail .
that I switched off the TV .
from the electronics shop .
that mother bought it for her daughter .
because it was cheap .
because it was expensive .
insect حشرة away بعيدا shout يصيح
mud طين lazy Í active كسول×نشيط hurt يصيب
somewhere فى مكان ما greedyÍ satisfied طماع×راض village قرية
against ضد injure يجرح husband زوج
all night طوال الليل cover يغطى protect يحمى
uncomfortable غير مريح out of mind فقد عقله policeman شرطى
flash وميض top قمة toy plane طيارة لعبة
torch كشاف sight رؤية- ابصار press يضغط
force قوة responsible for مسئول عن order يأمر
- ask for help يطلب المساعدة - at the pool فى البركة
- drive awayيقود سيارته بعيدا - protect …. againstيحمى من
- by the pool بجوار البركة - for half an hour لمدة نصف ساعة
- cover in / withيغطى بـ - at the villageفى القرية
- on a treeعلى شجرة - jump out يقفز خارج
- in the jungleفى الأدغال - jump back يقفز إلى الخلف
- go into يدخل - afraid of خائف من
- go in a car يذهب بالسيارة - far away بعيدا
- go withيذهب مع - out ofخارج
- set offيبدأ رحلة - in the carفى السيارة
- Lose , lost , lost (v) يخسر – يفقد - He lost his money .
- Get lost = lose the way يضل الطريق
- Miss , missed , missed (v) : يفوته (شئ – يفتقد أو يوحشه شخص) - He missed the bus , so he went to school ate .
- Arab ( n / adj ) : عربى ( صفة – اسم ) - Arab countries الدول العربية must help each other .
- Arabic (n) : اللغة العربية - We study Arabic at school .
- ( alone - on – ( my – his – her....) own
قبل الضمير المنعكسby عندما نقول أن شخصا ما قام بعمل شئ بمفردة / بدون مساعدة ونضع
- He did everything by himself ( on his own – alone ) .بمفردة
- She travelled to Italy by herself ( on her own – alone ) .بمفردها
- We had ( = spent ) a nice time . = We enjoyed ourselves . قضينا وقتا ممتعا .
- Have a drink – cake – food .عند الدعوة لطعام / شراب
= Help yourself / yourselves . تفضل الطعام أو الشراب بنفسك .
Reflexive pronouns الضمائر المنعكسة
ضمير فاعل مفرد ضمير منعكس ضمير فاعل جمع ضمير منعكس
ourselves we myselfبنفسى I
herself She himself he
yourselves You yourself You
themselves they itself it
- Read and answer
Today we have the second part of the story about a photographer.
a. When did Pam decide to go for help?
b. What did she do before she drove away?
c. Why didn’t Martin want to stay by the pool?
d. Why did he cover himself in mud?
e. What did Pam do in the village?
f . Why didn’t people speak to her?
Pam saw neither people nor cars on the road. A When it was so dark that she couldn’t see, Pam said to herself, “I have to go for help. Martin must have injured himself.” She took a shirt from the car, left it on a tree by the road, and then drove quickly away. In the jungle, Martin thought, “I can’t find the car. I don’t mind being in the jungle, but I must find somewhere safe. I can’t stay at the pool. Dangerous animals drink here.” He covered himself in mud to protect himself against insects. Then he walked from the pool and climbed a tree. He would have to stay there all night. Pam drove for half an hour and saw neither people nor cars. Suddenly, there were lights. She stopped the car at the village, jumped out and shouted, “Help! My husband is lost in the jungle!” People ran to her but no one said anything. Then Pam understood that no one spoke English.
a. Pam saw neither people - nor see the car.
b. Pam could neither help Martin - nor on the ground.
c. Martin could neither hear Pam - nor Arabic.
d. Martin was neither safe by the pool - nor cars on the road.
e. People spoke neither English - nor find him.
1- Pam White could not make anyone in the village understand her. She decided to leave. She jumped back in the car and set off again.
2- Twenty minutes later, she arrived in a large town. She found a police station where one of the officers spoke English. He ordered ten policemen to go with Pam.
3- The police followed Pam in her car to the place near the waterfall. They had torches to help them look for Martin. Pam soon found the shirt which she had left on a tree in order to show the place where Martin had gone into the jungle.
4- Martin was uncomfortable in the tree. He was afraid he might fall if he slept, so he listened to the sounds of the jungle. Once he heard an elephant going to the pool.
5- After four hours, he suddenly heard voices and saw lights far away. He climbed to the top of the tree and pressed the flash of his camera. The policemen saw the light.
6- The voices came nearer, then someone called, “Mr White, can you hear me? Have you hurt yourself? Are you OK?” Martin shouted down, “I’m fine, thanks.” He was safe!
1- Finish the following dialogue:
between Seif and Mohsen who are discussing their plans for the holiday :
Seif : Where are you going to spend the holiday ?
Mohsen : ( 1 ) ....................... .
Seif : Luxor is wonderful . You're lucky . How ( 2 ) ………………………………......... ?
Mohsen : We're going to stay there for ten days . What about you ?
Seif : ( 3 ) .................................................................. because my father is still ill .
I'm going to read some new stories and play computer games .
2- Choose the correct answer :
1- He covered himself in ( earth – mud – land – sugar ) to protect himself against insects.
2- My little sister ( injured – crashed – lived – saved ) herself when she played with the
3- The floor is ( consisted – covered – injured – dried ) with a beautiful carpet .
4- The teacher was sure everyone had ( failed – saved – thought – understood ) the
5- The boy saw the wolf and ( shouted – cried – said – spoke ) for help.
6- The traveller had been got ( lost – covered – changed – refused ) in the jungle .
7- The girls answered the test ( herself – yourself – themselves – myself).
8- He drove the car ( himself – myself – herself – itself ) .
9- She ( decided – pressed – followed – contained ) to leave now .
10- The officer followed the thief and ( thought – caught – bought – wrote ) him .
11- They had ( torches – pencils – knives – dishes ) to help them find the boy in the dark jungle .
12- I'd like to listen to the ( air – voice – noise – sound ) of the jungle .
13- She is ( crazy – easy – lazy – clever ), she rarely finishes her work early .
14- Please , help me to ( pull – ride – mount – push ) the car to the workshop .
3- Read and correct the underlined word(s) :
As he walked slow , he missed the train . ( …………………… )
She hurt her while cutting the apple . ( …………………… )
He can neither read or write . ( …………………… )
While he plays , he fell down . ( …………………… )
It was so dark that she could see . ( …………………… )
Her husband lost in the desert . ( …………………… )
He arrived the school in time . ( …………………… )
We listened a loud in the street . ( …………………… )
I looked after my pen but didn't find it . ( …………………… )
Pupils teach at school . ( …………………… )
She looked at her mirror to see the hat on her . ( …………………… )
4- Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning :
1- He didn't play football and didn't watch TV . (neither)
2- She looked at the mirror to see what is wrong . (herself)
3- She was very busy . So she stayed late in her office . (so...that)
4- He couldn't see because it was dark . (so)
5- He didn't go to the garden and he didn't visit his grandmother. (neither)
6- It is very heavy , so I can't carry it . (so...that)
7- He was so ill that he didn't go to school . (too)
8- He may go to the cinema and he may go to the library . (either)
9- He was very tired and went to sleep . (so)
A) Language Functions
1- Finish the following dialogue:
Sara is at the metre station for the first time.
Sara : Which platform is the metro to Maadi ?
Clerk : You are on the wrong platform. You have to go to the opposite one.
Sara : (1) .................. ?
Clerk : Climb down these stairs and follow the instructions on the walls.
Sara : (2) .................. ?
Clerk : Yes, there is a ticket office there.
Sara : (3) ............. ?
Clerk : Only one pound.
Sara : Thank you, sir.
2- Write what you would say in the following situations:
1- Your teacher asked why you came late.
2- Tell your father you were very tired and couldn't study.
3- You tell your mother that your sister, Soha, didn't wash the dishes and didn't sweep the floor.
4- A friend asks you why you didn't watch the new film.
B) Reading Comprehension
3- Read and match:
1- Ramy slept early
2- She neither came early
3- The car is so expensive
4- Once upon a time,
5- You can find many animals a) in a jungle.
b) at home.
c) I met an old man who gave me some advice.
d) because he was tired.
e) nor did her work.
f) that I can't buy it.
4- Read the following passage, then answer the questions:
Water is the source of life on earth. No living creature can do without it. Man, animals, plants and whatever has life need water for different daily purposes. It is quite clear that plants die if there is a lack off water. Animals drink it and wash in it. And in some parts of the world, animals migrate in search of water when there is a drought.
As for man, water is vital to growth and health. If a person doesn't get the adequate amount of water daily, he may suffer from different diseases. Cooking, washing and other domestic activities depend mainly on water. In the future, war between countries will be for the sake of water.
A) Answer the following questions:
1- Why do plants need water?
2- When do animals migrate ?
3- What's the importance of water to man?
B) Choose the correct answer from a , b , c or d :
4- The underlined word " it " refers to ...................
a) lack b) water c) plant d) life
5- The underlined word, " adequate" means .........
a) too little b) too few c) enough d) many
6- A person should drink water every ....................
a) week b) day c) month d) Friday
C) Usage and Writing
5- Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d:
1- Martin went into the ............. to take a photo of the waterfall.
a) season b) tree c) jungle d) pool
2- The tree is ............ high that he can't climb it.
a) as b) so c) very d) too
3- Pam was ............. about her absent husband.
a) happy b) worried c) pleased d) delighted
4- As he was ............ fast, he hit an old man.
a) drive b) drove c) driving d) drives
5- After mum had .............. the soup, it became tasty.
a) seasoned b) flashed c) burnt d) ate
6- He ............. checked the e-mail nor collected the children from school.
a) either b) neither c) that d) so
7- Do you ............. to lending me a camera, please?
a) object b) mind c) refuse d) decide
8- She .............. to cooking in the evening.
a) used b) is using c) is used d) uses
6- Rewrite the following sentences using the words in brackets:
1- Maha fed her little brother and took him to school. (not only)
2- Dad was very sick, so he didn't go to work. (so ....... that)
3- Mary fell over. She was climbing up the stairs then. (As)
4- He made up his mind to buy a car. (decided)
7- Read and correct the underlined word:
1- A desert is full of thick trees, plants and animals. ( ………………. )
2- He fell up his bike and was injured. ( ………………. )
3- Mona used to staying alone at home. ( ………………. )
4- Ali not only has driven fast, but he has also hit a child. ( ………………. )
8- Write a Letter – to your friend, Samy who lives In London telling him you will go there to do postgraduate studies. Your name is Ayman and your address is 102, Nawal St, Giza.
• Guiding points:
- Start the letter. - Ask how things are.
- Tell Sari why you will go there. - Ask him to find a house for you.
- Ask him to write back. - End the letter.
D) The Reader
9-A) Answer the following questions:
1- What creatures did Axel expect to see on Lidenbrock Sea?
2- How did the Professor find out the depth of the Sea?
3- What did Axel think the dark shape was?
4- What did they see in the island?
B) Complete the following sentences:
1- To make a raft, Hans .
2- Axel fainted again when